Planning a network design will involve working through a host of components – both hardware and software. The Server Roles form an integral part of this exercise. What are the Server Roles In Windows Server 2016 operating environment and how do they work? That is precisely what we would be undertaking for today’s post.
A Role is ideally a predefined set of features and services that you would specify for a particular function on the server and in your environment. A network is a group of hardware components and software components grouped and used to connect to the devices within or outside the organization and the internet.
The Windows Server 2016 offers you a host of features and functionalities when you install it on your computer. The software components in a Windows Server system are always separated. This will facilitate you in adding up only a few portions of the software. These portions are what we call Roles. Each of these roles will have multiple Role Services.
The Server Roles are specific programs for providing the function of the role. Let us check out a few particular roles and understand their importance.
These server roles are meant to provide services to the clients on the network. Some of these services include Active Directory, File, Print, DNS, DHCP and Web (IIS).
The Active Directory can be used to store details about the users on the network, computers, and printers. If you are a network administrator, these will be helpful in managing the resources. The DNS Server role is used to map the IP addresses to the logical names. The DNS Server role now supports IPv6 as well.
Another Network Service Server Role is labeled File Services which can be used to manage network file sharing. You may use Distributed File Services to store copies to share folders on multiple servers. A few other network role servers include Active Directory, File, Print, DNS, DHCP and Web (IIS).
The Mail Server Role is meant for sending and receiving the email messages over the internet. You need to have access to a mail server for sending mail to each other over the network.
The primary functions that a mail server performs include –
When a Mail Server Role is configured on your system, you will need to install the POP3 and SMTP protocols.
The primary network server roles you would initially need to concentrate on include File, Print, and Web services. Other services of importance include Database Server for running database programs on a dedicated computer. Gateways and Routers are designed to connect two or more logical networks.
While most of the server roles are available on both the Windows Server editions, they differ from the licensing perspective. We are going to compare these editions nonetheless.
Here is a high-level list of features and functions available on Windows Server 2016. See below:
Well, those were a few inputs into what a Server Role can in a Windows Server 2016. Please note that we are not going into the complete details for the concept as it would involve a lot of technical information which may not be easy to understand if you do not have any technical background. The purpose of the post has been to initialize you into understanding the concept. Once you have gathered enough knowledge into how the server roles work, you would be able to grasp the matter more finely.
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